Special Issue "Remote Sensing and Cultural Heritage: Sustainable Approaches for Protection and Conservation Strategies"
Tangible cultural heritage (TCH) plays a key role in building the memory and roots of human society. Unfortunately, TCH sites are often threatened by soil erosion and natural hazards (e.g., landslides, earthquakes, flooding, tropical storms, forest fire); further damage can also arise from the fragility of the site’s structures and materials with respect to anthropogenic hazards (looting, war) and poor urban planning.
The protection and conservation of TCH sites are pressing issues not only for the conservation/science communities, but for the whole of society. For a correct conservation strategy, it is necessary to implement a specific inter-disciplinary approach, which should be planned considering the site characteristics (topography, geomorphological-geological setting) and typology of the related hazard.
In this perspective, the use of remote sensing (RS) techniques applied from spaceborne, airborne, and ground-based to UAV platforms (including but not limited to radar interferometry, lidar, digital photogrammetry, optical and infrared imaging) combined with environmental monitoring networks, sample laboratory analysis, as well as geotechnical and geophysical analysis can provide the fundamental data for the implementation of mapping products and geodatabases, especially in developing countries with limited data, to be used as a starting point for TCH management plans. The obtained RS data, with special regard to topographic 3D models, can also be profitably used to create Web products (e.g., virtual tours) for the valorization of the site. The goal of this Special Issue is to gather high-quality original contributions and case study applications on the use of RS techniques for the protection and conservation of tangible cultural and natural heritage sites (these include but are not limited to the UNESCO World Heritage and Tentative Lists) for risk mitigation practices, valorization strategies, and management plans.
Dr. William Frodella
Dr. Daniele Spizzichino
Dr. Mikheil Elashvili
Dr. Andrea Ciampalini